WHICH PATHWAYS TOWARDS A DECARBONISED HEATING AND COOLING SECTOR?
A DIVERSITY OF CITIES AND SOLUTIONS
We strongly believe that the heating and cooling transition cannot rely on one-size-fits all solutions but will be strongly defined by local circumstances.The cities that are part of the project represent a variety of profile with differences in size, population, heat density and climatic zone. They have different existing infrastructures (from well-developed to almost-non-existing district heating and cooling (DHC) systems, for example) and different renewable energy sources at their disposal. They have different planning competences and are at different progress levels on spatial energy planning. Thus, we believe that all European cities will be able to find useful recommendations from the cities involved.
A MULTITUDE OF TOPICS TO ADDRESS
There are a number of questions local authorities need to address in order to achieve their heating and cooling transition:
- Which solutions are the most cost-efficient to replace fossil fuels in urban areas? In which areas is DHC the most beneficial solution? What role could “green gas” play in residential heating? How to transform existing DHC-grids to renewable energy sourced?
- Which procedures, instruments and partners do cities need to design and enforce a spatially differentiated decarbonisation approach? Which data are needed? Which regulatory and financial instruments can be setup and at which level? How to engage with utilities and citizens?
These are the questions that we will discuss, within cities but also between cities and relevant stakeholders (local utilities, energy communities, national and European policy makers).